Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that affects about 1.1 percent of the U.S. population age 18 and older in any given year. Symptoms usually develop in men in their late teens or early twenties and women in their twenties and thirties, but in rare cases, can appear in childhood.
Bipolar disorder is a brain disease associated by severe mood swings characterized by mania and depression and in severe cases, psychosis. In humans, the anticonvulsant drugs valproate and carbamazepine are often used as mood stabilizers to treat acute manic episodes, lithium is used to treat acute episodes but also to prevent recurrent episodes of illness. Antipsychotics are used to treat episodes of psychosis typically associated with mania.
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